On October 17th, 1998 occurred renewed military clashes between the KLA and the Yugoslav security forces (Serbian police and Yugoslav Army). An anti-Serbian policy of the EU became once again confirmed in October 1998 when illegitimate “President” of the “Republic of Kosova” – Ibrahim Rugova, became awarded the annual Sakharov Prize by the European (Union) Parliament.
It was a clear sign to Belgrade on which side the EU is going to incline when the final destruction of the remains of a greater Yugoslavia will start (by NATO).
On December 14th, there were some 36 KLA paramilitary fighters to be shot dead by Serbian police at the Albanian-Yugoslav border (Košare) as NATO planned operation of the land invasion of Kosovo from Albania started.
Four days later, the corpse of the kidnapped (by KLA) deputy mayor of Kosovo Polje – a Serb Zvonko Bojanić, was discovered. At the very end of December (24–27th) 1998 Serbian police launched an offensive in Podujevo as revenge for the death of their comrades days before by the KLA which offered a cease-fire.
The head of the Serbian resistance movement in Kosovo – Momčilo Trajković, officially announced the formation of a Serb National Council for the very sake to protect both Serbian lives and interests in the Autonomous Province of Kosovo-Metohija, if the central Government in Belgrade would refuse to do so.
On January 11th, the head of Kosovo Information Centre, an Albanian Enver Maloku was murdered in Priština. The ultimate turning point in the 1998–1999 Kosovo War happened on January 15th, when notorious Serbophobe Wiliam Walker (head of the OSCE delegation in Kosovo) accused Serbian police of massacre of 45 Albanian civilians in the village of Račak.
Of course, it became later known that it was a classic example of “false flag” and “fake news” as all of those 45 “civilians” have been the KLA members killed in a fair fight a day before.
Nevertheless, the false flag of Račak was soon misused by NATO and the EU to directly blackmail Serbia with a military intervention if Belgrade would not capitulate under Western political conditions. In the meantime, on January 24th, the KLA and Serbian police exchanged prisoners.
As during the last several days there were found Albanian bodies in the villages of Rakovina and Rogova, the Secretary-General of NATO authorizes airstrikes against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia without any permission or resolution by the UNOSC under the claims that those Albanians were civilians slaughtered by Serbian police forces.
The talks opened on February 6, 1999, in Rambouillet, France
The Western plan was to bring two belligerent parties around the table for the talks but in advance, it was clear that the Serbian side is going to be blackmailed by the ultimatum and forced to sign a political capitulation.
Therefore, on February 3rd, 1999 the KLA HQ declares its willingness to send its delegation to peace negotiations in France even though officially the KLA was considered by Western policymakers as a terrorist organization (as it was).
The Rambouillet Conference, organized by the French and the UK foreign ministers, was held on February 6–23, 1999 for the sake to avoid full-scale war in Kosovo which Albanian terrorists would lose.
What was, in fact, a real political aim of the Conference can be seen from the fact that on the last day of it (February 23rd) the three fundamental Kosovo Albanian political organizations (the LDK – Democratic League of Kosovo under the leadership of Ibrahim Rugova, the LBD – United Democratic Movement under Rexhep Qosja and the terrorist paramilitary the KLA – Kosovo Liberation Army under Hashim Thaçi), sign an agreement in Rambouillet for the sake to establish a Provisional Government of the Republic of Kosovo and, therefore, to represent Kosovo Albanians until “free” elections could be organized. Up to that time, Hashim Thaçi, known as the “Snake” was well-known to Serbian security forces as a notorious terrorist and war crimes perpetrator.
Nevertheless, on March 2nd, 1999, the KLA nominated him, as the head of its Political Directorate, to serve as the PM of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Kosovo while at the same time Adem Demaçi resigned as the political representative of the KLA.
As it was obvious that the Conference was organized to force the Serbian side to verify the separation of Kosovo province from Serbia, it was logical that the Serb political delegation refused to sign a capitulation while the Kosovo Albanian representatives signed the so-called “peace agreement” on March 18th, 1999.
In such a way, it was open the door for NATO military intervention in the FRY what became quite obvious the next two days when the OSCE mission was withdrawn definitely from Kosovo and Serbia followed by some diplomatic personnel from the Western embassies.
Soon after the OSCE withdrawing, the escalation of the Serb offensive against KLA terrorists became possible as now the OSCE shield could not protect them anymore. That was the moment in which NATO was just waiting to start aggression on the FRY by bombing campaign under the pretext to protect Albanian villages and civilians.
The next day, B. Yeltsin’s Russia protested against the NATO bombing campaign expressing at the same time its support for the FRY which broke diplomatic relations with Germany, the UK, the US, and France.
As a matter of revenge for the NATO barbaric bombing of the country, the Yugoslav forces on March 27th destroyed the Museum of the League of Prizren (which, nevertheless, propagated a Greater Islamic Albania and ethnic cleansing of the Serbs and Montenegrins) followed by the destruction of the Old Town of Djakovica on March 30th.
Two days later, the state Serbia’s TV broadcasted footage of a meeting in Belgrade between Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević and the Kosovo Albanian political leader Ibrahim Rugova. On April 2nd, the KLA formed a Provisional Government for Kosovo under a war criminal Hashim Thaçi.
NATO aircrafts mistakenly bombed on April 14th a convoy of Albanian refugees near Djakovica killing 85 (CNN source). However, NATO HQ announced all of them to be „collateral damage“ like all Serbian civilians killed by NATO bombs.
In other words, when civilians die by NATO they call them “collateral damage” (of democratic bombing). Does not matter that they are humans, they have their names and they are everything for their families.
For the rest of the (Western) world, they are just “collateral damage”! NATO hit cigarette factory in Niš 3 times which later had been purchased by Philip Morris.
Apparently, the cigarettes that were produced in Niš were also killing Kosovo so they needed to be taken out. In fact, the factory in Niš was the real competitor of Phillip Morris on the market. It is not so strange to conclude that the real purpose of NATO aggression was the Western economic colonization of the country.
That is why NATO bombed the car factory in Kragujevac, the Yugo which made to manage to go to the USA market in the 1980s. After the war, the factory was sold to the Italian FIAT.
NATO bombed in Serbia the cement factory, bombed the oil industry, bombed all of the telecommunication systems, so they can sell Serbia after the war a new one much more expensive but not any better. If this was NATO’s job, it had to be well-coordinated in advance.
And, in fact, almost a year before the war, the World Bank carefully analyzed the consequences of the eventual military intervention in Kosovo and conducted simulations that “anticipated the possibility of an emergency scenario, arising out of the tension in Kosovo”.
The preparation for the war started before the good enough pretext for the war had been found. But hold on to occupation??
The world was told that Kosovo has to be liberated from the Serbian aggressors who invaded it (for instance, Noel Malcolm in his book A Short History of Kosovo) but we still have to find someone to explain how the country can invade itself?!
In other words, Kosovo’s history was twisted in a way to give the Westerners pretext for military intervention for the occupation of the land which is extremely rich in natural resources (which are after the war exploited mainly by the US companies).
On April 30th, the Albanian population in the southern Serbian regions of Preševo, Bujanovac, and Medvedja became involved in the fight with the final political task to separate these regions from Serbia and include them into the post-war independent Albanian Kosovo.
On May 5th, Ibrahim Rugova fled to Rome making the image of a political refugee. On May 14th, NATO did another mistake of “collateral damage” when bombing the village of Korisha near Prizren in West Kosovo-Metohija, killed some 100 civilians.
However, no one NATO’s official was ever indicted for such clear war crimes differently to several top Serbian and Yugoslav civil and military officials on May 22nd by The Hague Tribunal (for crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war in Kosovo).
Yugoslav Ministry of Defence building damaged during NATO bombing, Belgrade, Serbia
As the barbaric bombing continued, the Parliament of Serbia voted on June 3rd, 1999 to accept the demands of the G8 states and to withdraw its security forces from Kosovo.
The NATO bombing campaign killed 2,500 Yugoslavs, produced large-scale destruction of civilian infrastructure and economic assets, and generated a huge humanitarian and refugee problem.
The Albanians had already established the Kosovo Liberation Army (the KLA), which was well-armed and engaged in systematic terrorism against the Serbs in Kosovo. In the years that lead to 1998, Serbia regarded the KLA as a terrorist organization like Clinton’s administration in 1998 as well.
However, once the Clinton administration declared the KLA to be a “liberation organization,” it became clear that the KLA would be able to advance its goal: to gain complete control over Kosovo.
That was practically very possible after June 9th, 1999 when a Military Technical Agreement was signed in North Macedonian city of Kumanovo (populated by 95% of Albanians), between the KFOR – Kosovo Force (in fact, redressed NATO) and the Government of the FRY.
The Agreement specified the withdrawal of Yugoslav forces from Kosovo within 11 days. NATO troops together with the KLA paramilitary terrorists entered Kosovo to continue the ethnic cleansing of the province.
In 1998, Bin Laden had already declared war on the United States, but the issue of global terrorism was not clear enough to assume a central position in the considerations of the Clinton administration. Terrorism in Kosovo was viewed as a local problem affecting only Serbia.
Besides, it had the effect of undermining S. Milosevic’s regime and, therefore, could be used as an instrument for inducing regime change in Serbia by bringing to power pro-Western marionettes (what finally happened after the 2000 October 5th Revolution).
On a global political level, supporting the cause of (Muslim) Kosovo Albanians (like Muslim Bosniaks) would appeal to the Islamic world and neutralize its concerns over an alleged Western bias towards its interests.
The situation of unsolvable conflict between Serbs and Albanians was simulated under the banner of human rights violations. Human rights were (mis)used as a mantra through which Westerners, especially the US, and their public opinion would accept the legitimacy of military intervention, i.e. aggression.
On June 10th, 1999, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1244 on Kosovo according to which, Kosovo-Metohija is considered an integral part of Serbia (no violations of Serbia’s borders).
It practically means that any separation act by Kosovo Albanians and its recognition is a violation of the UN Resolution 1244 and, therefore, it can not be legally valid. On the same day, NATO Secretary-General a Spanish Javier Solana ordered an interruption of the bombing campaign.
After entering Kosovo, the real first humanitarian action done by the KFOR troops was to free a group of 15 Serbs and Roma held prisoner and mishandled by the KLA terrorists. Yugoslav security forces completed their withdrawal from the Kosovo province, and NATO formally suspended its aggression of the FRY.
Even though the head of the so-called (illegal) Provisional Government of Kosovo, a war criminal Hashim Thaçi, formally called on the ethnic Serb population to remain in the province giving guarantees for their security (the same was done in August 1995 by Croatian President Franjo Tudjman to ethnic Serbs during the action of ethnic cleansing of them by Croatian police and military), since June of 1999, the non-Albanians, especially the Serbs, remaining in Kosovo have been continuously harassed, killed, kidnapped, their children beat, their homes and livelihood destroyed and their churches—over 150 of them—burned and demolished as they bear witness to essentially the non-Albanian past of the province.
Non-Albanians have no freedom of movement. They have been deprived of elementary security and the basic international human right—to life itself.
The reality of Kosovo, the blatant ethnic discrimination and cleansing carried out by the Albanians, the organized crime (arms, drug, and human trafficking), and corruption, have persistently been ignored by the “democratic” West which installed on power in Priština the members of the terrorist KLA who among other things are systematically forging the history of the province from everything that is Serbian and connected with Serbia.
For example, the name of the province: the word Kosovo is derived from the word kos, which means in English the blackbird although the Albanians are trying to twist history once again and try to explain its own meaning.
Monument to 79 Serbian children killed during NATO bombing of Serbia in spring of 1999
The list of every-day killed and expelled ethnic Serbs in/from Kosovo in the first years after June 10th, 1999 is, unfortunately, too long for this article and, therefore, here is going to be presented only the most terrible cases which the Western corporative media usually systematically ignored:
- July 23rd, 1999: 14 Serb farmers are murdered by Albanian terrorists in the village of Gracko near Lipljan during the harvest work.
- October 31st, 1999: A Serb Momčilo Trajković was shot and wounded by an unknown person.
- February 3rd, 2000: The attack on a UN bus in which the elderly Serbs were killed.
- August 2000: Numerous violent attacks against the Serbs.
- November 22nd, 2000: A bomb attack is carried out in Priština against the building housing the office of the representative of the FRY Government, Stanimir Vukićević. Four persons were injured in the blast.
- February 16th, 2001: A terrorist attack in Podujevo on a convoy of buses carrying Kosovo Serb civilians to Gračanica when 12 persons killed and dozens wounded.
- April 18th, 2001: The head of the FRY passport office and five other Serbs were murdered in a bomb attack in Priš The attack was later attributed to the German KLA mercenary, Roland Bartetzko.
- June 4th, 2003: Three members of the Serb Stolić family from Obilić were killed by persons unknown, causing much unrest in the ethnic Serb community in Kosovo.
- March 17−18th, 2004: Major outbreak of Albanian inspired ethnic violence in whole Kosovo resulted in “March Pogrom” against the Serbs. More precisely, it resulted in the loss of several dozens of lives, several hundreds of wounded (including the KFOR members), more than 4.000 exiled Serbs, more than 800 Serbian houses set on fire, and 35 destroyed or severely damaged Orthodox Christian churches and cultural monuments. The “March Pogrom” revealed the real interethnic and security situation in the Kosovo province.
The Declaration of Kosovo Independence was unilaterally proclaimed by the Albanian-run majority Parliament in Priština on February 17th, 2008 followed by its recognition by all first-line American marionette states violating the UNSC Resolution 1244.
However, Kosovo is an American military base, all the administration is conducted by Americans, and Kosovo as an “independent” state cannot make any decision on its own.
Those advocating the independence of Kosovo argue that this is the only way to appease the Albanians and prevent greater outbreaks of violence on their part.
This could be interpreted as an admittance that terror and blackmailing are effective and would encourage others in the world to follow the same model for the achievement of their political goals.
The final and even just formal decomposition of Yugoslavia occurred on June 3rd, 2006 when another US puppet state Montenegro issued a Declaration of Independence based on the referendum results held on May 21st, 2006 when 55.5% of voters voted for the independence (threshold was 55.5%).
That was a formal end of Yugoslavia originally founded on December 1st, 1918. Yugoslavia was a state which no one sincerely ever wanted but it was excepted by everyone for the practical reasons of realpolitik.
By Vladislav B. SOTIROVIC
Published by Oriental Review
Republished by The 21st Century
The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of 21cir.