Full Text: A Official Collective Letter from China, Cuba, DPRK, Iran, Nicaragua, Russia, Syria, Venezuela to UNSC Guterres on UN Sanctions

25 March 2020

H.E. Mr. Antonlo Guterres
Secretary-General
United Nations
New York

Distinguished Secretary-General,

Today, in the midst of the global pandemic resulting from COVID-19, that negative impact on the well-being of our peoples and countries is becoming even more severe and multiplying. Hence the urgent need for the international community, including the United Nations, to reaffirm its commitment to the concept of “We, the peoples of the United Nations”. Let us recall that, according to the findings of the United Nations independent experts, the enactment and implementation of unilateral coercive measures affect more than one third of humanity.

In the light of the above, we respectfully urge you to call for the complete and immediate lifting of such illegal, coercive and arbitrary economic pressure measures – in line with the long-standing and principled position of the United Nations to reject unilateral coercive measures – in order to ensure the full, effective and efficient response of all members of the international community to COVID-19, and also to reject the politicization of that pandemic. This joint appeal that we are making today, and from which we expect a positive response from you, is, as you know, supported by the provisions of a significant number of relevant United Nations General Assembly resolutions; it therefore provides a solid basis for any action on your part.

As you well know, we live in an interconnected world; therefore, in the context of a global pandemic, “hampering medical efforts in one country increases the risk to all of us”, so – as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights has recently acknowledged – we must avoid the collapse of the medical and health system of any country as a result of the application of illegal sanctions.

Therefore, we cannot allow political calculations to stand in the way of saving human lives. This is a time, as you have stated – again and again – not for chaos, but for global solidarity, cooperation and prudence; for joining efforts at the national, regional and international levels, without any discrimination, if we really want to overcome this complex human crisis and its economic repercussions; and, also, for recommitting ourselves to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and our promise not to leave anyone behind.

Similarly, we will also underline the need, at the present juncture, to strengthen national economies so that they provide national governments, as well as the public and private sectors, with the capacity to support and finance the plans and strategies needed to ensure that the spread of COVID-19 is contained. In this regard, we agree that, as you have recently stated, more than ever before “governments must cooperate to revitalize economies, expand public investment, boost trade and ensure targeted support to those individuals and communities most affected by the disease or most vulnerable to negative economic impacts” and that urgent action is needed to “alleviate the debt burden of the most vulnerable countries.”

This is extremely important, especially for countries that, in addition to having to deal with COVID-19, also have to deal with other exceptional circumstances, such as the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures.

Furthermore, we take this opportunity to convey to Your Excellency our appreciation for the work currently being done by the United Nations system and for the very valuable support being provided to our nations, in particular the WHO, in responding to this global crisis, which we are confident we will overcome together and come out stronger.

Finally, we respectfully request your good offices to circulate the present letter as an official document of the General Assembly, under agenda items 83 and 126, entitled “The rule of law at the national and international levels” and “Global health and foreign policy”, respectively, and of the Security Council.

We trust that you will give due attention to the serious concerns conveyed herein and take this opportunity to renew to Your Excellency the assurances of our highest esteem and consideration.

On instructions from and on behalf of our respective Ministers for Foreign Affairs, and in response to their most recent appeals, we address Your Excellency on the occasion of a matter of the utmost importance and great urgency, namely, the global health crisis arising from COVID-19, recently declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). In recent months we have all been following very closely the developments related to COVID-19, including its rapid spread and the large number of human casualties it has caused so far, as well as the impact it is having on the affected countries, particularly on the most vulnerable sectors of society. This is undoubtedly the greatest public health emergency of our time, which, while taking place at a time when mullilateralism is under attack, offers a unique opportunity for multilateralism to succeed and to be strengthened at this time of global crisis and uncertainty.

As you recently stated, “more than ever, we need solidarity, hope and political will to overcome this crisis together – as truly united nations.” But to do so effectively, we must join forces and act collectively, in a coordinated and decisive manner, as responsible members of the international community. It is our common responsibility not only to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, as we pledged to do when we signed the founding Charter of the United Nations, but also to ensure the timely adoption of policies and strategies to save our own and our current generation, while giving them hope and guarantees for their well-being, stability and prosperity. At home, all our national governments have acted responsibly, including by taking the necessary precautionary measures to contain the spread of and combat COVID-19. We have also made progress in designing contingency plans to ensure, among other things, the functioning of basic services and emergency response systems at the current juncture. As you know, we have also been working with the United Nations System to strengthen our cooperation programs, both with other partners and to learn from their experiences and share best practices. Despite all this, we recognize that much remains to be done to succeed in this battle.

Your Excellency, today we have a common enemy: COVID-19. And, as you have recognized, it is time to “prepare, step up and step out.” Our national governments have the political and moral will to move in that direction; our dedicated and professional physicians and health care providers are fully capable of serving in this time of need; and our peoples are ready to do their part, as we are all aware that this historic moment demands the highest level of solidarity, cooperation and mutual collaboration. However, we have to recognize that this is a difficult, if not impossible, act for countries currently facing the application of unilateral coercive measures, which are illegal and in flagrant violation of international law and the Charter of the United Nations.

The destructive impact of such measures at the national level, plus their extraterritorial implications, together with the phenomena of over compliance and the fear of “secondary sanctions”, hinder the ability of national governments to, inter alia, have regular access to the international financial system or free trade; they therefore undermine ongoing efforts by national governments to address COVID-19, especially with regard to the effective and timely procurement of medical equipment and supplies, including testing equipment and drugs, which are vital for the care and treatment of patients, as recently acknowledged by the Director-General of WHO. In addition, sanctions also have a direct negative impact on, inter alia, the human rights to life, health and food of the peoples subjected to them. Ultimately, these measures also affect the essential cooperation and solidarity that must prevail between nations.

Today, in the midst of the global pandemic resulting from COVID-19, that negative impact on the well-being of our peoples and countries is becoming even more severe and multiplying. Hence the urgent need for the international community, including the United Nations, to reaffirm its commitment to the concept of “We, the peoples of the United Nations”. Let us recall that, according to the findings of the United Nations independent experts, the enactment and implementation of unilateral coercive measures affect more than one third of humanity.

In the light of the above, we respectfully urge you to call for the complete and immediate lifting of such illegal, coercive and arbitrary economic pressure measures – in line with the long-standing and principled position of the United Nations to reject unilateral coercive measures – in order to ensure the full, effective and efficient response of all members of the international community to COVID-19, and also to reject the politicization of that pandemic. This joint appeal that we are making today, and from which we expect a positive response from you, is, as you know, supported by the provisions of a significant number of relevant United Nations General Assembly resolutions; it therefore provides a solid basis for any action on your part.

As you well know, we live in an interconnected world; therefore, in the context of a global pandemic, “hampering medical efforts in one country increases the risk to all of us”, so – as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights has recently acknowledged – we must avoid the collapse of the medical and health system of any country as a result of the application of illegal sanctions.

Therefore, we cannot allow political calculations to stand in the way of saving human lives. This is a time, as you have stated – again and again – not for chaos, but for global solidarity, cooperation and prudence; for joining efforts at the national, regional and international levels, without any discrimination, if we really want to overcome this complex human crisis and its economic repercussions; and, also, for recommitting ourselves to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and our promise not to leave anyone behind.

Similarly, we will also underline the need, at the present juncture, to strengthen national economies so that they provide national governments, as well as the public and private sectors, with the capacity to support and finance the plans and strategies needed to ensure that the spread of COVID-19 is contained. In this regard, we agree that, as you have recently stated, more than ever before “governments must cooperate to revitalize economies, expand public investment, boost trade and ensure targeted support to those individuals and communities most affected by the disease or most vulnerable to negative economic impacts” and that urgent action is needed to “alleviate the debt burden of the most vulnerable countries.”

This is extremely important, especially for countries that, in addition to having to deal with COVID-19, also have to deal with other exceptional circumstances, such as the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures.

Furthermore, we take this opportunity to convey to Your Excellency our appreciation for the work currently being done by the United Nations system and for the very valuable support being provided to our nations, in particular the WHO, in responding to this global crisis, which we are confident we will overcome together and come out stronger.

Finally, we respectfully request your good offices to circulate the present letter as an official document of the General Assembly, under agenda items 83 and 126, entitled “The rule of law at the national and international levels” and “Global health and foreign policy”, respectively, and of the Security Council.

We trust that you will give due attention to the serious concerns conveyed herein and take this opportunity to renew to Your Excellency the assurances of our highest esteem and consideration.

 

c.c.

 

H.E. Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
Director-General World Health Organization
Geneva

H.E. Ms. Mlchelle Bachelet Jeria
High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations Geneva

 

The signatories:

H.E. Mr. Zhang Jun
Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the People’s Republic of China to the United Nations

H.E. Ms. Ana Silvia Rodríguez Abascal
Ambassador, Chargé d’affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Cuba to the United Nations

H.E. Mr. Kim Song
Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the United Nations

H.E. Mr. Majid Takht Ravanchl
Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations

H.E. Mr. Jaime Hermida Castillo
Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Nicaragua to the United Nations

H.E. Mr. Vassily A. Nebenzla
Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations

H.E. Mr. Bashar Ja’afari
Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations

H.E. Mr. Samuel Moncada
Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the United Nations

 

The 21st Century

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